Archive for December, 2010

ACSI – US Army Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence

December 29, 2010

US Army Intelligence

ACSI Assistant Chief Staff, Intelligence USA

Lt. Col. William B. Rose

NARA ACSI Records 1940-1964 :

G-2 homepage:

C. Covert Testing on Human Subjects by

Military Intelligence Groups – LSD:

The two projects involving the operational use of LSD


were apparently approved by the Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence

(General Willems) on December 7, 1960.

This verbal approval came in the course of a briefing on previous drug programs

and on the planned field experimentation.

There is no record of written approval being issued by the ACSI

to authorize these specific projects until January 1961,

 and there is no record of any specific knowledge or approval

by the Secretary of the Army.

On February 4, 1963, Major General C. F. Leonard, Army ACSI,

forwarded a copy of the

THIRD CHANCE Trip Report to Army Chief of Staff, General Early Wheeler.

Wheeler had apparently requested a copy on February 2.

The report was routed through a General Hamlett.

While this report included background on the origins of the LSD tests,

it appears that General Wheeler may

only have read the conclusion and recommendations.

The office memorandum accompanying the Trip Report bears Wheeler’s initials.
5. Termination of Testing

On April 10, 1963, a briefing was held in the ACSI’s office

on the results of Projects THIRD CHANCE

and DERBY HAT. Both SPT’s concluded that more field testing

was required before LSD could be utilized

as an integral aid to counterintelligence interrogations.

During the presentation of the DERBY HAT results,

General Leonard (Deputy ACSI) directed

that no further field testing be undertaken.

After this meeting the ACSI sent a letter to the Commanding General

of the Army Combat Developments

Command (CDC) requesting that he review THIRD CHANCE

and DERBY HAT and “make a net evaluation

concerning the adoption of EA 1729 for future use as an effective

and profitable aid in counterintelligence

interrogations.”  On the same day the ACSI requested

that the CDC Commander revise regulation

FM 30-17 to read in part:

. . . in no instance will drugs be used as an aid to interrogations

in counterintelligence or security

operations without prior permission of the Department of the Army.

Requests to use drugs as an

investigative aid will be forwarded through intelligence channels

to the OACSI, DA, for approval. . . .’

Medical research has established that information obtained

through the use of these drugs

is unreliable and invalid. . . .

It is considered that DA [Army] approval

must be a prerequisite for use of such drugs

because of the moral, legal, medical and political problems

inherent in their use

for intelligence purposes.

The subsequent adoption of this regulation marked the effective

termination of field testing of LSD by the Army.

The official termination date of these testing programs is rather unclear,

but a later ACSI memo indicates that it may have occurred in September of 1963.

On the 19th of that month a meeting was held

between Dr. Van Sims (Edgewood Arsenal),

Major Clovis (Chemical Research Laboratory), and ACSI representatives

(General Deholm and Colonel Schmidt).

“As a result of this conference a determination

was made to suspend the program and any further activity

pending a more profitable and suitable use.”

US Army Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence Records,+Intelligence&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESgy6T39ln2VnTNNgkh59cQLw900Wnbwv8pwRkfg2NPWqwMXESBcOPL_ydHtYxi9ytncHmhvx1NVjf7UPKgOw3pRcJgS7h7jsoNQRS0PB48-2VYQBysENxcLGPsOA5Zn4ex2ipAx&sig=AHIEtbTE2y0X7NdRVnnqVFznLlVT7iH98A






Manuel Ray

December 11, 2010
Manuel Ray

Manuel Ray - MRP - JURE



Manuel Ray was born in Cuba in 1924. Ray was a outstanding student and in 1947 the Cuban Ministry of Public Works granted him a scholarship to study civil engineering at the University of Utah. Ray returned to Cuba in 1949 and became project manager for the construction of the Hilton Hotel in Havana.

Ray was opposed to the military rule of Fulgencio Batista and in 1957 he established the Civic Resistance Movement. Over the next two years Ray organized a series of sabotage and acts of terrorism against the Batista government. Fidel Castro recognised the important role Ray played in the overthrow of Batista and appointed him as his Minister of Public Works (February, 1959).

Ray clashed with Castro over certain issues. This included Castro’s decision to execute Hubert Matos. In November, 1959, Ray left Castro’s government. In May 1960 Ray formed the Revolutionary Movement of the People (MRP) and joined the underground resistance to Castro. The MRP was a left of centre political organization that’s policies included regulation of private investment and the nationalization of all utilities.

The Central Intelligence Agency considered Ray an important political asset and in November, 1960, arranged for him to escape to the United States. However, the CIA was not in complete agreement about Ray. For example, E. Howard Hunt saw Ray as too left-wing and described him as a supporter of “Fidelism without Fidel”.

Despite these fears, John F. Kennedy insisted that Ray should become part of the Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD). This upset its leader, Jose Miro Cardona, who considered Ray to be a dangerous radical. William Pawley, who believed that Ray was a communist, also objected to him becoming a member of FRD.

Kennedy also wanted Ray to join the Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC). Ray agreed to do this three weeks before the Bay of Pigs operation. Ray became Chief of Sabotage and Internal Affairs. Other members of this government in exile included Tony Varona (Secretary of War), Manuel Artime (Head of the Army), Antonio Maceo (Secretary of Health) and Justo Carrillo (Economic Administrator).

Ray withdrew the MRP from the CRC soon after the failed invasion of Cuba. He gave a news conference on 28th May, 1961, where he criticised the Bay of Pigs operation. He claimed that CRC had broken a pledge to ensure that anyone closely associated with Fulgencio Batista would not be used in the invasion. Ray also argued that Castro should be overthrown by the Cuban people and was totally opposed to CIA backed invasions.

John F. Kennedy now cut off funds for the MRP. As a result, party members persuaded Ray to resign as leader of the MRP. Ray now moved to Puerto Rico. In October 1961 he became a member of the Puerto Rican Planning Board.

In April 1962, Ray formed a new anti-Castro organization called the Junta Revolucionario Cubana (JURE). This organization became part of the CRC. Ray also began providing information to the CIA about the possible defection of Castro’s officials. Ray made a tour of Latin American countries in an attempt to raise funds in order that JURE could mount resistance operations inside Cuba.

Silvia Odio was one of Ray’s supporters. On 25th September, 1963, Odio had a visit from three men who claimed they were from New Orleans. Two of the men, Leopoldo and Angelo, said they were members of the JURE. The third man, Leon, was introduced as an American sympathizer who was willing to take part in the assassination of Fidel Castro. After she told them that she was unwilling to get involved in any criminal activity, the three men left.

Odio became convinced that after the assassination of John F. Kennedy that Leon was Lee Harvey Oswald. Odio gave evidence to the Warren Commission and one of its lawyers commented: “Silvia Odio was checked out thoroughly… The evidence is unanimously favorable… Odio is the most significant witness linking Oswald to the anti-Castro Cubans.”

On 20th May, 1964, Ray and a crew of seven, including a reporter-photographer team from Life Magazine, landed at the Angguilla Cays, 40 miles off the Cuban coast. However, the British authorities discovered Ray and his group and their cache of weapons and explosives, arrested them for illegal entry into the Bahamas and took them to Nassau. After being fined Ray was deported to the United States.

The FBI now carried out an investigation into Ray’s activities and discovered that he had illegally purchased $50,000 worth of arms for JURE from a California arms manufacturer. As a result Ray was told to move all his operations outside of United States territory. Attempts were also made to stop people in the United States from financing Ray’s activities.

Ray continued to get involved in anti-Castro activities and in 1972 he formed the People’s Revolutionary Party, but it failed to make an impact.

In 1978 Ray moved to Puerto Rico when he headed his own engineering consulting firm in San Juan.

(1) Jake Esterline was interviewed by Jack Pfeiffer on 10th November, 1975.

Jack Pfeiffer: What about Manuel Ray in terms of leaders?

Jake Esterline: Well, he was so anti-CIA, starting back in the early 50’s… he was anti-US government. So the CIA was lumped in with that – probably because of the Ambassadorial image we had in Cuba in those early 50’s with Ambassador Gardner, who distinguished himself when he was the American Ambassador there by buying a thousand pounds of ice from the ice plant every time they gave a cocktail party so he could have the pool cooled properly. You know, that kind of thing, Ray has never really been in sympathy with the U.S. His reasons were probably not all that bad, and in those earlier years, gave him an affinity with Castro. He wanted an independent Cuba, and he didn’t want the United States to be a continuous satellite to the United States. So he would have ended up in the category of a political unreliable. He did have a pretty good friendship with Jim Noel, whom I mentioned earlier. Jim used to say, “Gee, can’t we bring him in more – and everybody threw up their hands. Jerry Droller would throw up his hands and say “you can’t do this.” He would have been absolutely unacceptable to any Cuban politician we had to deal with.

(2) Warren Hinckle & William Turner, Deadly Secrets: The CIA-Mafia War Against Castro and the Assassination of JFK (1992)

Three men appeared unannounced at the Dallas doorstep of Sylvia Odio, a well-known Cuban exile and a backer of Manuel Ray’s JURE, the social-democrat group that most exiles considered flamingly pink. The trio’s Latin-looking spokesman called himself Leopoldo. He said it was a “war name”. He introduced a dark companion with a stocky build as “Angelo”. The third man, an Angelo who stood shyly in the background, he introduced “Leon Oswal”.

Notes on Manuel Ray Rivero by J.A. Sierra

In 1947, at the age of 23, Manuel Ray Rivero received a scholarship from the Cuban Ministry of Public Works to study civil engineering at the University of Utah. He returned to Cuba in 1949 to work in the field of engineering, and later became project manager for the construction of the Havana Hilton Hotel.

Instead of simply accepting his good fortune and success, Ray joined the effort to oust Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. He organized the Civic Resistance Movement in 1957, overseeing sabotage and acts of urban violence against the government.

In February of 1959, just over a month after Batista’s infamous middle-of-the-night departure, the new rebel government appointed Manuel Ray to the position of Public Works Minister. This job would last until November. (By the end of the year, 12 of the 29 ministers originally assigned had resigned or been removed.)

Again Ray found it necessary to oppose a Cuban dictator, as he feared Castro would become. To this end he created the Revolutionary Movement of the People (MRP) in May 1960. Soon the anti-Castro organization had an active membership in each of Cuba’s six provinces.

The MRP was designed as a progressive organization, and it clearly did not wish to turn back the clock, or re-instate the 1940 Constitution. Instead, it proposed a continuation of laws passed by Castro and the Revolution, including the nationalization of all utilities.

Eventually Manuel Ray was forced to leave Cuba or face jail and/or execution. He entered the United States on November 10, 1960, but he wasn’t exactly welcomed by recently established Cuban-American leaders Miró Cardona and Manuel Artíme. Because his group had been dramatically to the left of other popular Miami-based anti-Castro groups, they found it “suspicious” that Ray said he would not outlaw the Communist Party in Cuba.

Some CIA analysts contended that Ray was so far “left in his thinking that he would be as dangerous to U.S. interests as Castro.” To further confound matters, Ray declined to join the Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC), of which Miró Cardona was President.

The CRC was a CIA-picked government that would be flown into Cuba once the invading rebels held a sizeable piece of land. This “government in arms” would request U.S. assistance against Castro, and the U.S. would immediately recognize it as Cuba’s legitimate government. This would open the door for military assistance.

Ray felt that this “government” was “too restricted” by CIA priorities and did not reflect the needs of the Cuban people. But as a show of support for an armed effort against Castro, however, he joined the CRC about three weeks before the invasion at Bay of Pigs.

About a month after the failed invasion, on May 28, 1961, Ray gave a news conference in Miami announcing his break with the CRC. His reasons were varied but clearly articulated; priority should have been given to underground fighters in Cuba, members of Batista’s regime should not have been involved in the invasion, and he should have had a “say” about the military leaders of the invasion. He added that to overthrow Castro, it would be necessary to mobilize the discontented people in Cuba, to which he had more access than any of the CIA-selected leaders.

Ray moved to Puerto Rico in July 1961, and Governor Luis Muñoz Marin offered support. In October of that year Ray accepted a position as a consultant to the Puerto Rican Planning Board.

A year later (July 1962) Ray formed the Junta Revolucionario Cubana (JURE). It was to be strictly political in nature, although it would cooperate with the CRC. Ray hoped that JURE would eventually control the CRC.

JURE proved to be useful to the CIA, particularly to JMWAVE, the CIA station in Miami from which operations against Cuba were run. David Korn wrote in Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA’s Crusades; “It provided the CIA information on people in Cuba who might be recruited by the Agency or enticed to defect. But Ray’s leftist politics still troubled some JMWAVE officers.”

In June 1963, Rogelio Cisneros became JURE’s military coordinator. Based on his interpretation of the “Rules of Engagement of the Autonomous Operations,” Cisneros didn’t feel “a need” to report political or military activities to the CIA or anybody else, even when they were the main funding source. [This tendency to act independently and without unity hurt JURE and the anti-Castro movement throughout this decade.]

Ray began to plan an infiltration into Cuba in January 1964, and he turned over control of JURE to Cisneros. In May he quit his job in Puerto Rico and dropped out of sight.

With a crew of seven (which included a reporter and a photographer from LIFE Magazine) Ray headed for Cuba, but days of bad weather and expanded patrol of the Cuban coastline prevented them from reaching the island. They were forced to land at the Antilla Cays, 40 miles away from Cuba, and legally part of the Bahamas. While anchored, British military officers arrested them and confiscated their weapons.

In the U.S., the FBI and the U.S. Treasury Department charged Cisneros with illegally purchasing $50,000 worth of weapons in California.

Ray tried to infiltrate Cuba again in July 1964, with plans to start a revolution against Castro. But again the boat had trouble, and he was forced to abort the plan.

JURE came apart in August 1968. Ray tried to organize Cubans against Castro again in 1969 and 1972.

By 1978 Ray was heading his own engineering consulting firm in Puerto Rico’s San Juan.

Cuban Information Archives:

Junta Revolucionaria Cubana JURE
Cuban Revolutionary Unity

[REF: Cuban Counter Revolutionary Handbook 10 October 1962 by the CIA.
FBI HQ  file number  109-584-3387; NARA RIF Number  124-10279-10032]
[NOTE: The copies  were very hard to transcribe because of  poor photo reproduction. At points where the words were unreadable, three dots (…) were inserted to indicate a missing word or words. Words in brackets are not contained in the original.  FURTHER NOTE: Please consider the date, 10 Oct. 1962, when evaluating the organization.



Common Title:  JURE or JRC

Title:  Junta Revolucionaria Cubana
Cuban Revolutionary Unity

Political:  Created in Puerto Rico by Manolo RAY Rivero around nucleus of former 26 July Movement leaders.  Leftists group.  Advocate socialist government.  RAY calls it “democratic left.”  Maintain Cuba be liberated by Cubans.  Oppose U. S. intervention but want U. S. material and monetary support.  Propose equal opportunity for education, work, housing, social welfare, and avoidance of concentration of national wealth in hands of few.  Support agrarian reform.

Leading Personalities:  In Exile:  Manolo RAY, Rogelio CISNEROS, Felipe Pazos, Raul CHIBAS, Ramon BARQUIN, Justo CARRILLO, Ernesto BETANCOURT, Eleno MEDEROS, Agustin CASTELLANOS, Carlos HEVIA de los Reyes Gavilan, Osorio DAVILA Santana and Raul MARTINEZ Arara.


RAY  has been working on unity since pulled faction out MRP in mid 1961.  Held interviews with refugee leaders Miami in effort have them dissolve their respective movements and integrate into JURE.  Concentrated on groups that splintered from 26 July Movement such as MRP, UR, MRRC, MRTN, MAPA, and SFNE.  Relatively unsuccessful.  Majority nor mentioned groups denounced RAY’s activities.  16 Sept. meeting in Puerto Rico officially creating JURE attended by over 100 exiles, but mostly relatively unknowns.  Members of some larger anti-CASTRO groups participated as individuals.


Ray’s failure get desired support of Cuban exile community set back his plan to represent himself as Cuban exile leader.  Failure due in part to fact he and his associates considered by many to still represent “fidelismo sin Fidel” and also due to opposition to his non U. S. intervention policy RAY continuing to work for larger representation.  Currently negotiating with former Rebel Army military group and labor union factions.  Some JURE leaders feel they should conduct an ALPHA-66 raid in near future in order to boost.  JURE prestige.  Only apparent achievement so far is creation of further confusion and disunity within Cuban exile community.



Letter from Amador Odio from Cuban prison:

TRANSLATOR’S NOTE: It is noted that the original letter is written in a conversational and personal vein without regard for proper punctuation.

Nueva Gerona, Dec. 25, ’63

My Children:

From the visit of my brothers, I learned about you. It is a consolation to hear that our children are taking very good advantage of the time. It is one more compensation of Divine Providence for our sufferings. It is difficult to write these days in which memories are so vivid and it is almost impossible to coordinate ideas because emotion chokes us. It is at Christmas time when sentiments, through the sorrow of absence draw us closer to our loved ones. The more presents we have the more we are aware of the separation. But the sorrow is not important, my children, and if having you always in my heart and thinking intensely of you, it increases, then blessed be the sorrow! Fortunately, we are strong; a great faith sustains us with the firmest hopes of our soon being reunited with the family. Any of the steps that are being taken must prosper. Our desires for peace, to live in the company of our children, stirs us to hope a little for comprehension and assistance. At this time of the year, 30 years ago, Mama and I were an engaged couple in love, full of illusions and faith in the future. We were enjoying the preparations for the marriage which happily would eternally unite our destinies. We were making at that time many plans, converted since into a full and beautiful reality. We were ecstatically dreaming about the great adventure of love, and you, my children, were the summation of our dreams. We were in ectasy over the prospect of many children, the combination of our flesh, of our blood, of our souls in the purest ideals of parents in bloom. Our desires were culminated with the arrival of such a beautiful group of children exceeding our expectations – our aspirations – children extremely gifted with the most brilliant qualities and virtues; – honest – intelligent – children who have the love and respect of one another – who adore and devotedly admire their parents – children who work hard, study earnestly – who make sacrifices whenever necessary. In sum, good children, a benefit to the family and to society – loving children who gladly cooperate with one another without complaint – who go through life joined fraternally in perfect communion with God and family. Such are our children for whom today and every day in our prayers we humbly thank God. The All Powerful gives you, my children, a glory of a repeated verse of a most beautiful descendency! What else in the world can surpass it? Nothing that I may know and it is for this reason that I want to sum in that idea my great desire of happiness for each one of my children at this Christmas time. On the anniversary, shower Mama with pretty cards, letters, photos and as much as can make her happy. It occurs to me, Cesar, that you with Mauricio, could give her a good gift. I am not referring now to the marvelous gift of free giving, It is a little grand gift. Since he has so many resources and friends, he could arrange that on the basis of her 30 years, her photo be published in a newspaper section. It would be something to fill us with pride, to do justice to this great wife and mother so that her friends may not forget her. That would do us all good and the reason is plausible. Not always are so many years of marriage completed encompassed with so many children and grandchildren, nor under the circumstances which surround it. If you do not have a good photo, ask Felo immediately for it. (I imagine some persons pale with envy, among them some neurotic!) I am not able to give any gift, but I pray for (her/your) health and ask for (her/it) so intensely that God is listening to me. Freddie is getting along very well in his studies. It has taken him time and work, but in the end he will graduate from this course. I always believed that he would, but I fear for him for the very hard examinations that await him. Sally also – I do now what career – and I am grateful to Jim because he wishes, as we, that she continue studying until receiving her doctorate. He would only desire to offer his assistance and inspiration. I received a telegram from Felo explaining the call that he made to Cesar after the visit. I am happy that he calmed you, and I am presently all right and give you my message. I know that everyone has moved tirelessly and that on our negotiations being renewed, we will be in first place. To all, I am thankful for Mama who needs to rest with peace and security. My daughters, in spite problems that you have, you have found time to move heaven and earth and our great son with his business relatlona bas succeeded in locating us in a preferable p1ace. I received a letter from Sari on Oct. 27, from Silvia, with her photo in the offlce – the 3rd that I received; of the rest I do not know what they look like now – on Nov. 8, from Cesar, Julie and Lolie on Nov. 11. Thus we are able to endure solitude. Thus help us to wait. Mama telegraphed me, content because she already reeeived many. Remember that you must take a moment and write to one another. It is sad to read that there are times when you do not know about one another “because the telephone is expensive now.” Annie needs to adopt a firm resolution for the New Year of involving herself in the reaponaibilities of the family. We are proud of your conduct in college, in a strange home. We are completely satisfied in having such a good and studious daughter who has perfectly fulfilled her obligations. But you have not kept contact with your sister – too often unmindful of their problems when you should share them. Therefore, my pretty brunette, you yourself think of the best way to cooperate with them. It would be nice for you to share the time with your brothers and sisters. Would it be possible, love, for you to spend week-ends and vacations at Silvia’s house? In this way you could be of great benefit, just as Lolie has been for some time with Julie. You are a complete woman. You understand that you have obligations, in addition to your studies which you are to pursue with eagerness above everything. If what I suggest upsets in any way your school tasks, then you should continue as you are and in no way should you neglect them. Understood? I leave it to your own judgment, but anyway maintain frequent contact with all the family, and watch out for parties and drinking! Silvia, It is difficult to become oriented with you – who are in contact with the atmosphere and who have taken up to now so many intelligent and proper steps. You will continue with that vast experience, determining what ought to be done on each occasion. It is one more reason for pride for us Before I forget, let me congratulate you on your fine position. You are worthy of these distinctions. Tell me who this is who says he is my friend – be careful, I do not have any friend who might be here, through Dallas, so reject his friendship until you give me his nameYou are alone, without men to protect you and you can be deceived. Grant me blndie the additional sacrifice of not going out Wednesdays with your girlfriends. Stay for a good time at home. You still are not free – you should avoid everything that might affect your good name. Never accept going out with anyone or to the house of anyone if you are not accompanied by your brothers. That of Guille is still not definite – he can return – I am sure that he loves you and adores his children in his way. He was criminally indisposed against you by his neurotic mother. When you have to be understanding, make yourse1f interested, but be careful not to exceed. Do not abandon literature. Persevere, write a good book even though it takes you years. arita love, your letters are always interesting to me in that you tell me everything is marvelous. It is the beet sedative for calming my anxietiea for information concerning the family. Your letters, as those of all your brothers and sisters, fill my life with joy and hopes. They come to be the only light which enters the darkness in which I am living. I regret not having received yet a photo of your Jim. Mama was enchanted by him. I hope that Cesar furnishes you with spending money in sufficient amount. Do not scrape – please – go to your brother. It would please me for the elders to arrange for an allowance. I leave it to your judgment. Tell me as much as you can of your activities. Lolie, beautiful blonde, you do not tell about yourself even though, in spite of being an adolescent, you are already a woman because of the harsh experience through which you have lived. Your labors and sufferings have made you grow intellectually and spiritually. I am happy that you have in C. and J. the tenderness of brothers and parents. Soon you will again be my little spoiled girl, my heart’s desire. Take care of rebellions, Study and work gladly. Cesar, Julie, beloved children, there LB hardly space left. I am happy with your progrress in the program. To Ama,, Javier, Jorge, Freddie, Marianne, I express how anxious I am to hold you against my heart To Gretel and Raul my thanks, Fond regards to Carola, Carmen Rosa, Rene. Loving greetings and my thanks to all but especially to Mauricio and Joe.

– kisses –    Papa Amador 0dio

Julian Assange

December 10, 2010

Julian Assange

By Dan Murphy, Staff writer / December 9, 2010 / The Christian Science Monitor

Julian Assange, the WikiLeaks founder now in a London jail awaiting possible deportation to Sweden to face sexual assault charges, has in short order become one of the most polarizing figures in the world.

He is reviled by members of the United States government yet regarded as a hero by millions who see him as striking a blow at Washington and other entrenched powers by revealing their activities to the light of day.

But while his politics certainly appear to lean left, his supporters don’t fall into any sort of neat category. Instead, Mr. Assange is finding support from the conspiratorially minded, whatever their political persuasion.

RELATED: WikiLeaks: Five more of the strangest stories to emerge

Take one of Assange’s most unlikely defenders, the Fox television personality Glenn Beck.

Mr. Beck, with his fulminations about socialist conspiracies at the heart of the Obama administration and warnings about a “shadow government” behind President Obama seeking to deprive Americans of their liberties, is rarely mistaken for a lefty.

Yet his deep distrust of government puts him on similiar grounds to Assange.

“I don’t support this guy. I don’t support what he’s doing, but I’m really torn on this story,” Beck told his audience this week. “He is exposing the fact that our governments all around the world have been lying to us. It’s been a job we’ve been trying to do but been pilloried over and over for doing it. I don’t want a guy to go to jail or to be silenced for something he didn’t do. Again, I don’t support him. But I want you to the look into the crime that he committed to warrant an international manhunt.”

Assange’s motivations

What is it that Assange believes and hopes to accomplish?

Based on his writings and interviews in the year since he became an international celebrity – with Russia calling for him to be awarded the Nobel prize, famous journalist-activists like John Pilger standing up for him in court, and members of the US Congress painting him as something close to public enemy No. 1 – he is less a whistle-blower than a form of anarchist, someone who sees all government secrecy as dangerous.

A whistleblower in the true sense of the word reveals illegal or immoral behavior from within an organization, taking a stand against his corporate or national loyalties in service of exposing a rot within. The information they reveal is typically tailored to a specific crime or injustice. But WikiLeaks, with bits of scandal drowned in a flood of documents that range from the banal to the prurient to the enlightening, is something else again.

To be sure, Assange says he wants to shed light on dark secrets, but he also says he’s happy that leads to more secrecy since it will weaken the systems of the US and other governments.

Assange himself appears to believe he’s in the vanguard of a struggle against an entire international system that he clearly abhors. Consider this Dec. 31, 2006, blog post on the website, owned by Assange, titled “The non linear effects of leaks on unjust systems of governance.”

“The more secretive or unjust an organization is, the more leaks induce fear and paranoia in its leadership and planning coterie,” he wrote. “This must result in minimization of efficient internal communications mechanisms (an increase in cognitive ‘secrecy tax’) and consequent system-wide cognitive decline resulting in decreased ability to hold onto power.”

‘Secrecy tax’ and ‘stovepiping’

In the US, former State Department and other government officials have worried that just such a “secrecy tax” – with the recompartmentalizing of information flows that were relaxed after 9/11 to improve US intelligence analysis – could be a result of WikiLeaks’ release of 250,000 State Department cables to several news organizations, along with their gradual publication on WikiLeaks’ website.

Wayne White, a retired senior State Department intelligence analyst, told the Monitor last month that he worried that a rolling back of intelligence reforms could be WikiLeaks’ biggest legacy. “I helped work on trying to end the suffocating stovepiping that led to flawed decisions,” Mr. White said. “They’re going to re-stovepipe, which is precisely what we spent a decade trying to stamp out, with the US government’s left hand often not knowing what the right was doing.”

Why is that a problem? Because people like White fear, if it were to happen, that the US will be less likely to piece together bits of disparate information and head off terror plots against it. This, say White and others, is a big reason that terror attacks such as 9/11 have succeeded.

Assange disagrees. Earlier this month, he told Time magazine that pushing the US towards greater secrecy is a goal, and implies that it’s more likely to push the current US system closer to collapse.

Assange, the guru of managerial efficiency?

“Since 2006, we have been working along this philosophy that organizations which are abusive and need to be [in] the public eye. If their behavior is revealed to the public, they have one of two choices: one is to reform in such a way that they can be proud of their endeavors, and proud to display them to the public,” he told Time. “Or the other is to lock down internally and to balkanize, and as a result, of course, cease to be as efficient as they were. To me, that is a very good outcome, because organizations can either be efficient, open and honest, or they can be closed, conspiratorial and inefficient.”

Other writings of Assange make it clear he sees himself as something of a revolutionary.

In a Nov. 2006 essay called “State and Terrorist Conspiracies” (which begins quoting Teddy Rosevelt as saying “Behind the ostensible government sits enthroned an invisible government owing no allegiance and acknowledging no responsbility to the people. To destroy this invisible government, to befoul this unholy alliance between corrupt business and corrupt politics, is the first task of statesmanship”), Assange writes: “to radically shift regime behavior we must think clearly and boldly…. We must think beyond those who have gone before us, and discover technological changes that embolden us with ways to act in which our forebears could not.

In this text, he appears to believe that personal liberty is severely threatened by government secrets. “A man in chains knows he should have acted sooner for his ability to influence the actions of the state is near its end,” he writes. “To deal with powerful conspiratorial actions we must think ahead and attack the process that leads to them.” He then advocates the use of misinformation, as well as “throttling” information flows within a regime by, say, leading it to increase its own internal secrecy.

That essay makes no mention of the US – referring generally to authoritarian regimes and their “conspiracies.” But the primary target of his releases so far has largely been the United States, which as the sole-remaining superpower is a good target for someone who wants to upend what they see as an unjust international order.

In Assange’s public statements and methods there are also shades of “crypto-anarchism,” an approach popular in hacker circles that aims to use computer networks and encryption to both evade controls by states and to release information that they want to keep secret, all in the service of maintaining an Internet beyond the reach of any international laws.

Assange himself is a renowned writer of encryption software and a hacker who almost went to jail for his activities as a young man.

His lawyer says Assange has distributed massive, 1.4 GB encrypted file to thousands of supporters that will be decoded and released as a sort of “thermonuclear device” is anything happens to him.



Keeper of Secrets

By Nikki Barrowclough (May 22, 2010)

IN A VERY short time, Julian Assange has become one of the most intriguing people in the world. The mysterious Australian founder of the whistleblower website WikiLeaks is as elusive as the public servants, spooks and – he assures me – cabinet ministers who regularly drop their bombshells from the anonymity of his cyberspace bolt-hole.

Of no fixed address, or time zone, Assange has never publicly admitted he is the brains behind the website that has so radically rewritten the rules in the information era. (He acknowledges registering a website,, in 1999, but denies ever having done anything with it.) He has never even admitted his age – although this is not so hard to work out from the parts of his life that journalists have so far been able to piece together.

”Are you 38?” I ask. He gives an unintelligible response. So that’s a yes? ”Something like that.”

Far more tantalising, however, is what he says are some very, very big leaks to come – apparently within weeks. ”Right now we are sitting on history-making stuff,” he says.

Wikileaks appeared on the internet three years ago. It acts as an electronic dead drop for highly sensitive, or secret information: the pure stuff, in other words, published straight from the secret files to the world. No filters, no rewriting, no spin. Created by an online network of dissidents, journalists, academics, technology experts and mathematicians from various countries, all with similar political views and values apparently, the website also uses technology that makes the original sources of the leaks untraceable.

In April, the website released graphic, classified video footage of an American helicopter gunship firing on – and killing – Iraqis in a Baghdad street in 2007, apparently in cold blood. The de-encrypted video, which WikiLeaks released on its own sites, as well as on YouTube, caused an international uproar.

The Baghdad video has been WikiLeaks’ biggest coup to date, although an extraordinary number of unauthorised documents – more than 1 million – have found their way to the website. These include a previously secret 110-page draft report by the international investigators Kroll, revealing allegations of huge corruption in Kenya involving the family of former Kenyan leader Daniel arap Moi; the US government’s classified manual of standard operating procedures for Camp Delta, at Guantanamo Bay, which revealed that it was policy to hide some prisoners from the International Committee of the Red Cross; the classified US intelligence report on how to marginalise WikiLeaks; the secret Church Of Scientology manuals; an internal report by the global oil trader Trafigura about dumping toxic waste in the Ivory Coast; a classified US profile of the former Icelandic ambassador to the United States in which the ambassador is praised for helping quell publicity about the CIA’s activities involving rendition flights; and the emails leaked from the embattled Climatic Research Unit at East Anglia in Britain, last November, which triggered the so-called ”Climategate” scandal.

That is one leak that might have bemused conservatives convinced that WikiLeaks is run by ultra-lefties. In the blogosphere, meanwhile, conspiracy theories abound that WikiLeaks is a CIA cyber-ops plot.

Two years ago, a Swiss Bank in Zurich, Julius Baer, succeeded in temporarily closing down the website with a US District Court injunction after WikiLeaks published documents detailing how the bankers hid their wealthy clients’ funds in offshore trusts (the banned documents reappeared on WikiLeaks ”mirror” sites in places such as Belgium and Britain).

The Australian government, too, has made noises about going after WikiLeaks, after the Australian Communications and Media Authority’s secret blacklist of banned websites (websites which may be blocked for all Australians if the Rudd government goes ahead with its proposed internet censorship regime), turned up on the website last year. The communications regulator further expanded the blacklist to include several pages on WikiLeaks, whose crime was publishing a leaked document containing Denmark’s site of banned websites.

To say that the list of rattled people in high places around the world is growing because of Wikileaks is an understatement. The fact that the website has no headquarters, also means the conventional retaliatory measures – phones tapped, a raid by the authorities – are impossible.

Intense interest in Julian Assange started well before the Baghdad video was released, and viewed 4.8 million times in the first week. The former teenage hacker from Melbourne, whose mystique as an internet subversive, a resourceful loner with no fixed address, travelling constantly between countries with laptop and backpack, constitutes what you might call Assange’s romantic appeal. But then there is the flip side: a man who believes in extreme transparency, but evades and obfuscates when it comes to talking about himself in the rare interviews that he gives – which are hardly ever face to face.

The secretiveness extends to those close to him. One woman who speaks to me on the condition of total anonymity, lived in the same share house in Melbourne as Assange, for a few months in early 2007, when WikiLeaks was in its incubation period. The house was the central hub, and it was inhabited by computer geeks.

There were beds everywhere, she says. There was even a bed in the kitchen. This woman slept on a mattress in Assange’s room, and says she would sometimes wake up in the middle of the night to find him still glued to his computer. He frequently forgets to eat or sleep, wrote mathematical formulas all over the walls and the doors, and used only red light bulbs in his room – on the basis that early man, if waking suddenly, would see only the gentle light of the campfire, and fall asleep again. He also went through a period of frustration that the human body has to be fed several times a day and experimented with eating just one meal every two days, in order to be more efficient.

”He was always extremely focused,” she says.

WE MEET in early May, the day after Assange slips back into Melbourne, his home town. He arrived on a flight from Europe, via the United States. Or so I understand from the person acting as our go-between. The same contact provides a Melbourne address, and instructions: ”Don’t call a cab, find one on the street; turn off your mobile phone before you catch the cab and preferably, remove the batteries.”

Sitting outside at the rear of the address, I suspect that at the last minute, Assange won’t turn up – though not because of the cold. After all, it’s well known that he has been spending a lot of time in Iceland lately, advising the Icelandic government on new laws to strengthen freedom of expression and protections for sources and whistleblowers.

Last year, WikiLeaks released a confidential document showing that the major Icelandic bank, Kaupthing, had loaned billions of euros to its major shareholders shortly before the great, global financial meltdown (the website also released the legal threat sent to them by the bank’s lawyers).

Suddenly, he is here – a tall, thin, pale figure with that remarkable white hair, looking very tired, and wearing creased, student-style, dark clothes and boots, and backpack.

As we shake hands, he inclines his head slightly in a courtly, old-world manner, at odds with his youthful, student-traveller looks. When I remark that there’s a lot to ask him, he replies: ”That’s all right – I’m not going to answer half of it.”

Is Assange his real name? Yes, he replies, then says it’s the name in his passport. ”What’s in a name?” he then adds mysteriously, casting doubt on his first answer.

(At the time of writing, his passport status was apparently back to normal after immigration officials at Melbourne Airport said that his passport was going to be cancelled on the grounds that it was too tatty).

”It has been in a couple of rivers,” Assange allows, of the state of his passport. The first time, as he recalls, in December, 2006, when he was crossing a swollen river during heavy rain, in southern Tasmania, and was swept out to sea. He swam back in. ”My conclusion from that experience is that the universe doesn’t give a damn about you, so it’s a good thing you do.”

Why did he have his passport with him? He had everything he needed for three weeks of survival, he replies. He needed his passport for ID when he flew to Tasmania.

Doesn’t he have a driver’s licence? ”No comment.” How true is the image of him as the enigmatic founder of WikiLeaks, constantly on the move, with no real place to call home? Is this really how he lives his life?

”Do I live my life as an enigmatic man?”

No – is it true you’re constantly on the move?

”Pretty much true.”

Does he have one base he’d call home?

”I have four bases where I would go if I was sick, which is how I think about where home is.”

He has spent the best part of the past six months in Iceland, he says. And the next six months? ”It depends on which area of the world I’m needed most. We’re an international organisation. We deal with international problems,” he replies.

Assange mentions four bases, but names only two. The one in Iceland, another in Kenya, where he has spent a lot of time, on and off, for the past couple of years. The Kroll report, released on WikiLeaks, reportedly swung the Kenyan presidential election in 2007.

When he’s in the country, Assange lives in a compound in Nairobi with other foreigners, mainly members of non-governmental agencies such as Medecins Sans Frontieres. He originally went to Kenya in 2007 to give a lecture on WikiLeaks, when it was up and running.

”And ended up staying there,” I suggest encouragingly.


As a result of liking the place or …

”Well, it has got extraordinary opportunities for reforms. It had a revolution in the ’70s. It has only been a democracy since 2004 … I was introduced to senior people in journalism, in human rights very quickly.”

He has travelled to Siberia. Is there a third base there? ”No comment. I wish. The bear steak is good.”

Why did he go to Georgia?

”How do you know about that?”

I read it somewhere, I reply. It was a rumour. ”Ah, a rumour,” he says. But he did go there? ”It’s better that I don’t comment on that, because Georgia is not such a big place.”

Living permanently in a state of exile, means that a person might always have the sharp eye of the outsider, I suggest.

”The sense of perspective that interaction with multiple cultures gives you, I find to be extremely valuable, because it allows you to see the structure of a country with greater clarity, and gives you a sense of mental independence,” replies Assange.

”You’re not swept up in the trivialities of a nation. You can concentrate on the serious matters. Australia is a bit of a political wasteland. That’s OK, as long as people recognise that. As long as people recognise that Australia is a suburb of a country called Anglo-Saxon.”

Could he ever live in one place again? A brief silence. ”I don’t think so,” he says finally.

When he isn’t being deliberately obscure, and even when he is, Assange has the measured tones of an academic, sometimes sounding, once we’re deep in conversation, as if he’s giving a lecture. He talks with conviction, with sincerity, without bravado, and wears his ”fame” lightly.

”I don’t see myself as a computer guru,” he remarks at one point. “I live a broad intellectual life. I’m good at a lot of things, except for spelling.”

It may be unfair to suggest that he likes the dramatic possibilities of his role. Then again, there’s no doubting those dramatic possibilities.

At one point, thinking about some of the material leaked on WikiLeaks, I ask him how he defines national security.

”We don’t,” he says crisply. ”We’re not interested in that. We’re interested in justice. We are a super-national organisation. So we’re not interested in national security.”

How does he justify keeping his own life as private as possible, considering that he believes in extreme transparency?

”I don’t justify it,” he says, with just a hint of mischievousness. ”No one has sent us any official documents that were not published previously on me. Should they do so, and they meet our editorial criteria, we will publish them.”

IN 1997, a remarkable book was released about the exploits of an extraordinary group of young Melbourne hackers. It was written by Melbourne academic Suelette Dreyfus, with, says Assange, research assistance from him.

In the book, Underground, all the hackers had monikers. Assange is said to be the character Mendax.

In the book Mendax/Assange was an unusually intelligent child, who never knew his father. His mother, an artist and activist, left home, in Queensland, aged 17, after selling her paintings for enough money to buy a motorbike. In Sydney, she joined the counterculture community, and fell in love with a young man she met at an anti-Vietnam War demonstration – who fathered Mendax. Within a year of his birth, the relationship was over. When Mendax was two, his mother married a fellow artist and actor-director, and the trio travelled from town to town as an on-the-road theatre family. But soon after Mendax turned nine, the couple separated and divorced.

Mendax’s mother then started a relationship with a man who Mendax considered to be ”a violent psychopath”, a man with five different identities, who’d fabricated his entire background, including the country of his birth. They eventually fled, and began a life on the run, eventually ending up on the outskirts of Melbourne.

Assange will neither confirm nor deny that he’s Mendax. But in an extraordinary slip recently, on SBS’s Dateline program, whose reporter, Mark Davis tracked him down in Norway earlier this year (the program screened last Sunday), Assange said that this man ”seemed to be the son of Anne Hamilton-Byrne of the Anne Hamilton-Byrne cult in Australia, and we kept getting tracked down”.

Byrne was the leader of a cult, The Family, discovered in the Dandenong Ranges in the early 1980s. There were 14 children in the cult, who were treated abominably, and taught that they were all Byrne’s children. All of them had their hair dyed blonde (the police finally caught up with the cult in 1987).

Assange won’t discuss the link with Byrne. He says only: ”My mother was never in a cult. I was never in a cult.”

My question about his own white hair goes nowhere. However, Assange told me when we first talked (we have several conversations), that his hair went white at 15.

”I was very blond until 12-ish, until puberty. I built a cathode ray tube at 15, at school, and connected it backwards. The Geiger counter went 1000, 2000, 3000, 40,000. That was about the time. Also I had some head scans, because I had something like viral encephalitis. It was very mild. I just lost feeling in one cheek. Earlier on, at nine, I’d had head X-rays because I’d headbutted a giant earth ball.”

In yet another intriguing twist, when I ask Assange about a civil rights organisation he helped run in Melbourne, in the early 1990s, and which raised allegations about child neglect in the social welfare system – during Jeff Kennett’s time as premier – he says he was particularly concerned with one case. With extreme reluctance, he eventually explains that he knew people whose children had been abused.

He won’t talk about this in more detail either. But at a different point in the conversation he says that in the mid-1990s, he got involved helping the Victorian police track down paedophiles. ”That was just consulting on a couple of things,” he says.

Mendax had lived in a dozen different places in different states, by the time he was 15. Assange mentions that he went to 36 different schools, including correspondence. ”How we know, is that I added them up for my sentencing hearing,” says Assange. The story gets complicated.

In 1989, computers at NASA, the US space agency, were attacked. The word ”WANK” appeared in huge letters across the monitor (an acronym for Worms against Nuclear Killers). The culprits have never been found.

But in 1991, Assange, still a teenager, and a key member of a hacker group called the International Subversives, was arrested and charged with more than 30 computer hacking offences. He and others, it was alleged, had hacked the systems of the Australian National University, RMIT, Telecom, and had even monitored the Australian Federal Police investigation into their activities. He eventually pleaded guilty to 24 charges and was placed on a good behaviour bond, and ordered to pay $2100. In Underground, Mendax devises a program called Sycophant, allowing the International Subversives to infiltrate computers at the Pentagon, National Security Agency, Motorola and NASA, among other organisations.

Mendax left home at 17, married his 16-year-old girlfriend, and a year later they had a son. Assange has a son at university.

Mendax’s wife left him just after his 20th birthday, leaving him devastated.

Assange, like Mendax, suffered a breakdown and was briefly hospitalised after being charged by police.

He does agree that he had a spell of depression after his relationship broke up. I use the word marriage.

”Are you going to write that I’ve been married?” he asks.

It was written about him, I reply – although it was Mendax who was married.

”That may not be true, so you shouldn’t write it,” says Assange.

I ask whether the mother of his son, was his wife. ”Maybe. Maybe not,” he says, adding, ”I won’t speak about my adult personal life.”

Is he currently married? ”No comment.”

His sense of humour flashes when I ask how living rough in the hills and fields outside Melbourne, after he was charged by police with computer crimes, affected him – and the way he thought about life.

”I thought I should buy shares in the internet,” he quips.

Perhaps he did. Assange isn’t paid a salary by WikiLeaks. He has investments, which he won’t discuss. But during the 1990s he worked in computer security in Australia and overseas, devised software programs – in 1997 he co-invented ”Rubberhose deniable encryption”, which he describes as a cryptographic system made for human rights workers wanting to protect sensitive data in the field – and also became a central figure in the free software movement.

The whole point of free software, he comments, is to ”liberate it in all senses …” He adds, ”It’ s part of the intellectual heritage of man. True intellectual heritage can’t be bound up in intellectual property.”

Did being arrested, and later on finding himself in a courtroom, push him into a completely different reality that he had never thought about – and in a direction that eventually saw him start thinking along the lines of a website like WikiLeaks, that would take on the world?

”That [experience] showed me how the justice system and bureaucracy worked, and did not work; what its abilities were and what its limitations were,” he replies. ”And justice wasn’t something that came out of the justice system. Justice was something that you bring to the justice system. And if you’re lucky, or skilled, and you’re in a country that isn’t too corrupt, you can do that.”

In another life, Assange might have been a mathematician. He spent four years studying maths, mostly at Melbourne University – with stints at the Australian National University in Canberra – but never graduated, disenchanted, he says, with how many of his fellow students were conducting research for the US defence system.

”There are key cases which are just really f—ing obnoxious,” he says. According to Assange, the US Defence Advance Research Project Agency was funding research that involved optimising the efficiency of a military bulldozer called the Grizzly Plough, which was used in the Iraqi desert during Operation Desert Storm during the 1991 Gulf War.

”It has a problem in that it gets damaged [from] the sand rolling up in front. The application of this bulldozer is to move at 60 kilometres an hour, sweeping barbed wire and so on before it, and get the sand and put it in the trenches where the [Iraqi] troops are, and bury them all alive and then roll over the top. So that’s what Melbourne University’s applied maths department was doing – studying how to improve the efficiency of the Grizzly Plough. This is beyond the pale.

”The final nail in the coffin was that I went to the hundredth anniversary of physics at the ANU. There were some 1500 visitors there – four Nobel prize winners – and every goddamn one of them was carting around, on their backs, a backpack given to them by the Defence Science Technology Organisation. At least it was an Australian defence science organisation.”

Assange says he did a lot of soul searching before he finally quit his studies in 2007.

He had already started working with other people on a model of WikiLeaks by early 2006. There were people at the physics conference, he goes on, who were career physicists, ”and there was just something about their attire, and the way they moved their bodies, and of course the bags on their backs didn’t help much either. I couldn’t respect them as men.”

His university experience didn’t define his cynicism, though. Assange says that he’s extremely cynical anyway.

”I painted every corner, floor, wall and ceiling in the ‘room’ I was in, black, until there was only one corner left. I mean intellectually,” he adds. ”To me, it was the forced move [in chess], when you have to do something or you’ll lose the game.”

So WikiLeaks was his forced move?

”That’s the way it feels to me, yes.”

So who leaks to Wikileaks?

Assange says that intelligence agencies will never confirm or deny that they ”post” documents, even when some of those documents display the letterhead of the intelligence organisation involved.

”I love classification labels, because if it says Top Secret on the front, I think ‘this is probably an interesting document,’ and legitimate,” he says. ”There’s a glut of information of low quality in the world. So information that has been restricted and suppressed – it’s interesting that people have [spent] economic effort to restrict and suppress it – so info which has extra restrictions on it, usually has an extra ability to induce reforms if it’s released.

”Intelligence organisations nearly always put what section it’s from, and the classification label. Sometimes they’ll use code words in the classification. They’ll even classify the classification.”

It’s curious, surely, given the Pentagon’s anger over the leaking of the Baghdad video, that Assange hasn’t been asked to come into some office, somewhere, and have a chat. He returned to Australia via the US with no trouble, I point out.

”I believe that there’s an understanding that we have a lot of support within these organisations, and interference with us runs the risk of being exposed internally, and would likely be exposed by us,” he replies.

It’s also curious that he hasn’t been approached to work for any of the security agencies for ”the greater good”.

WikiLeaks is for the greater good, he says.

THE individual who sent WikiLeaks the Baghdad video remains invisible. WikiLeaks released two versions of the video – a longer version, and a shorter one – which has also caused much controversy. Twenty minutes was said to be missing from the longer version. It was like that when they received the footage, says Assange, and they were very careful to make as few edits as possible to the 18-minute version they released.

”In particular the first 11 minutes is one continuous take. And then there’s only cuts for time, and only about three cuts. The first 13 minutes is when all the action happens.”

Why did WikiLeaks put a copyright symbol on the footage they released?

”We didn’t have time to sort out copyright – about how all that should be managed,” he replies.

”We had some ideas, but we were quite concerned about people taking material and misrepresenting it.”

As the list of rattled people in high places gets longer, Assange and his team have become used to an increased level of interest from the authorities – and security services, leaked documents from some of those services notwithstanding.

There are other security concerns as well. Two human rights lawyers who had been helping WikiLeaks were shot dead in their car on a Nairobi street last year. Assange himself has written an online article about increased surveillance activities, ”most of which appears to be the results of US ‘interests’ ”.

In an email he sent out to journalists earlier this year, Assange wrote: ”We have had to spread assets, encrypt everything and move telecommunications and people around the world to activate protective laws in different national jurisdictions.”

In 2008, Islamic militants threatened WikiLeaks after the website ”mirrored” a video of Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders’ controversial view of Islam in his 17-minute film, Fitna. A trailer of the film had been uploaded to several video-sharing sites, including YouTube, causing fury in Muslim nations. Pakistan’s government ordered the nation’s internet service provider to block YouTube’s sites, which caused YouTube to be blocked in other countries as well. YouTube removed the trailer and access was restored.

Another website that hosted the trailer also removed it, saying the lives of its staff had been put at risk. WikiLeaks then mirrored the video, and got so much traffic that the site had to be temporarily taken off line.

”We republished the material because it had been censored because of the threat of violence. Then we received threats of violence [via] emails,” says Assange.

”We didn’t believe them to be credible threats in the sense that we have good physical security in the sense of our internet infrastructure, secret locations and our personnel. That technology is geared at dealing with spy agencies. Islamic militants don’t have the capacity to get past those defences.”

He adds that his team has also received threats from US military militants – ”I deliberately use that word” – which they had not found credible either. ”I did not feel that it was possible for them to carry out the threats.”

WikiLeaks, he maintains, has released more classified documents than the rest of the world press combined. “That shows you the parlous state of the rest of the media. How is it that a team of five people [WikiLeaks is run by five full-time ”staffers” and almost 1000 volunteers] has managed to release to the public more suppressed information, at that level, than the rest of the world press combined? It’s disgraceful.

”They don’t want to give [out] any information unless it’s going to sell more newspapers. The result is the public record is denied primary sources.”

He would like to see all media develop their own forms of WikiLeaks. That would point his own website out of business, I point out.

”We have a proposal to [an American foundation] for a grant to do just that,” he replies.



John Lennon – 30 Years Gone

December 9, 2010

John Lennon signs LP for Mark David Chapman

John Lennon – 30 Years Gone

RIP December 8, 1980 – 2010

On December 8, 1980 I was in Ocean City, New Jersey, making pizza on the boardwalk at Mack & Mancos and writing a weekly music column for the Atlantic City Sun, a now defunct weekl. The Sun was then owned by Jeffrey Douglas, who was hosting an office Christmas party at his Linwood home the following night after the paper was out on the street.

I forget where I was when I first heard that John Lennon was shot and killed, but one of the first things I did when I learned about it was to call my college friend Kathy Engro, who lived right across the street from the Dakota apartments where Lennon was shot.

Kathy was a year behind me at the University of Dayton (Ohio), where we were both radicalized by the Vietnam War and the movement for educational reform. My freshman year Kevin Kief was the student body president, a tall, thin, long haired radical hippie, who went on to become a chief assistant to the spiritual advisor to the United Nations.

There were two other student body presidents after Kevin who were also pretty radical, but then Kathy Engro was elected, I think probably the first women to be in that position. Her boyfriend, John Judge, was also a radical student who had graduated a few years earlier but stayed around to give the administration trouble, or a conscience.

After graduation Kathy moved to New York City where she worked and lived with a few other young women in a bachelorette apartment on the edge of Central Park, where I visited her a few times, even sleeping on her couch on one occasion.

When I learned that John Lennon had been murdered, I recalled how one day while I was visiting her she remarked that Lennon and Yoko Ono lived across the street in the Dakota apartments, which you could see outside one of the windows of her apartment. I remembered she said that they frequently saw Lennon get out of cabs and limos in front of the Dakota, and sometimes they even waved to each other as they naturally passed each other as neighbors on the street.

But she said she never bothered Lennon by stopping him to talk, and she thought that he appreciated that, and was one of the reasons he liked living in that neighborhood, where his celebrity status was not played up on the street.

So I called Kathy in New York City from my Ocean City, N. J. home and got her on the phone. When I asked her what was happening, I could hear sirens and large crowd noises in the background, and she said that Lennon was dead, murdered right outside, and there were huge crowds forming on the street outside her window.

She was pretty excited, though quite sad and distraught, and began to explain, as it sounded like she had put it into words before, “I had just got home myself, I had gotten out of a cab and was going into my apartment building when I saw him pull up.”

She said that just as she got off the elevator on her floor she heard a gunshot, and went into my apartment and opened the window and watched the scene outside.

I got as much detail as I could out of her and wrote it all down in my notes and called my editor on the phone and asked if I could still get it in the next day’s paper. This was years before computers, so I had to write it, type it up and drive it over to the newspaper office in Absecon, which I did.

Although we were a weekly, the paper went to press that night so it was in the next day’s edition and for once I was on the same deadline as the bigger dailies.

They made it a front page story with a nice rendering of Lennon, and I was real proud of it, and didn’t even notice until someone at the party apologized, as they had forgotten to put my name on the byline.

I knew I wrote it though, and others who read it said it was a really good story, as one person noted it was better than the New York Times’ first news story about the murder because it contained an ear witness report as well as an eyewitness account of the arrest of Mark David Chapman.

Although I had placed Chapman in the psycho-killer category, I later learned that the Dakota doorman was a Cuban, a Bay of Pigs veteran who had been on the CIA payroll, and may have been somehow implicated in the murder. His very presence there certainly made the psycho-killer motive more of a cover for a sophisticated political assassination. John Hinckley’s emergence as a psycho-killer-political-assassin wannabe made this idea more feasible.

Another fact I didn’t know at the time was Lennon’s resurgence as a political activist, a new radicalization that was fostered by his hearing some new music that inspired him to return to the recording studio and to begin a new period in his multi-facited career.

Then I heard a radio interview with the author of a book on the FBI’s Lennon files, which documented the extent they went out of their way to intimidate Lennon and keep him from living in America.

The more I think about it, the more important it seems that these political assassinations should be studied and understood, so they can be counter-acted and prevented from ever happening again.

William Kelly




Dakota Doorman Jose Perdomo

December 9, 2010

Jose Perdomo Bay of Pigs Veteran

Dakota Doorman

Dakota Doorman Jose Perdomo

Compelling evidence points to Dakota doorman, Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo, as Lennon’s killer. Records reveal a “Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo” (aliases: “Joaquin Sanjenis” and “Sam Jenis”) was an anti-Castro Cuban exile and member of Brigade 2506 during the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961, a failed CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro. Perdomo was a professional hit man who worked closely with convicted Watergate burglar Frank Sturgis (deceased) for about ten years on the CIA’s payroll.

• Jose Perdomo was the doorman at the Dakota on Dec. 8, 1980, the night Lennon was killed.

• Jose Perdomo was at the crime scene when the murder occurred.

• Jose Perdomo asked accused assassin Mark David Chapman, immediately after the shooting, if he knew what he had just done. Chapman replied that he had just shot John Lennon.

• Jose Perdomo told police Chapman was Lennon’s assailant. One of the arresting officers, Peter Cullen, did not believe Chapman shot Lennon. Cullen believed the shooter was a handyman at the Dakota, but Perdomo convinced Cullen it was Chapman. Cullen thought Chapman “looked like a guy who worked in a bank.”

• Jose Perdomo was an anti-Castro Cuban exile. Perdomo and Chapman discussed the Bay of Pigs Invasion and JFK’s assassination a few hours before Lennon was killed. This suggests Perdomo was a member of Brigade 2506 during the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961, a failed CIA operation to overthrow Fidel Castro.

• Cuban Information Archives reveal a “Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo” (aliases: Joaquin Sanjenis, Sam Jenis) was a member of Brigade 2506 during the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961.

• Joaquin Sanjenis worked closely with convicted Watergate burglar Frank Sturgis (deceased) for about ten years on the CIA’s payroll.

• Frank Sturgis claimed Joaquin Sanjenis died of natural causes in 1974; however, this was never confirmed. This assertion was made in 1981 by Warren Hinckle and William Turner in a book entitled, The Fish is Red: The Story of the Secret War Against Castro. Here is an excerpt:

On a June morning in 1972, the week after the Watergate break-in, Joaquin Sanjenis left his modest import-export office in Miami’s Cuban barrio and drove down SW Eighth Street to the Anthony Abrams Chevrolet Agency. Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo was a plain man of undifferentiated features, which was in his profession, an asset: He was a professional spy. His personality suited his work in that neither encouraged close personal relationships. His was a lonely life, sweetened by habitual cups of Cuban coffee; he looked forward to his forthcoming retirement, although he would not live long enough to enjoy it. It is testimony to the importance his employers gave to his carefully nurtured anonymity that when he died, of natural causes, in 1974, his family was not notified until after the funeral. Joaquin Sanjenis was, for over ten years, the head of the CIA’s supersecret Operation 40 in Miami.

The wear of a decade of living in the shadows showed on the spy’s face that morning as he drove into the automobile agency’s service entrance. Sanjenis had launched scores of ships and planes on clandestine raids against Cuba and had sent hundreds of men on missions from which there had been no return. He was able to offer only the most mute of patriotic explanations to the bereaved families. There were no official missing-in-action reports in the Secret War against Cuba. It was Joaquin Sanjenis’s job

to keep his troops, as himself, faceless.

(Warren Hinckle & William Turner, The Fish is Red: The Story of the Secret War Against Castro, 1981, Martin & Row Publishers, ISBN 0-06-038003-9, pp. 307-308)

Whether Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo actually died in 1974, as Hinckle and Turner wrote, is a point worth challenging. What evidence did they present to support this claim? On page 354 of their book, under “Notes and Sources,” they gave the following source for their claim that Sanjenis died in 1974: “Authors’ interview with Frank Sturgis.” How much faith should we place in Frank Sturgis’ word, particularly on this critical point? Set aside that Sturgis is a convicted felon (Watergate burglary), as an employee of the CIA, Sturgis had plenty of reason to lie, particularly if Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo is/was the same person who worked as a doorman at the Dakota on the night John Lennon was murdered on December 8, 1980. Hinckle’s and Turner’s book, The Fish is Red, was published in 1981, in the year after Lennon’s murder. Consequently, it makes sense that Sturgis would want to muddy the water a bit. In addition, Hinckle and Turner revealed the importance the CIA placed on Sanjenis’s anonymity when they described his alleged death. They wrote: “It is testimony to the importance his employers [the CIA] gave to his carefully nurtured anonymity that when he died, of natural causes, in 1974, his family was not notified until after the funeral.” Did Sanjenis really die of natural causes in 1974? There is plenty of reason to believe this claim was disinformation generated by Sturgis at the behest of the CIA. The CIA had every reason to lie in order to continue nurturing Sanjenis’s anonymity, particularly after the murder of John Lennon.



According to Cuban Information Archives, Perdomo was also known as “Joaquin Sanjenis,” and “Sam Jenis.” He was mostly known as an anti-Castro Cuban exile and a

member of Brigade 2506 during the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961, a miserably failed CIA operation, which cost Company Head Allan Dulles his job, and maybe John F. Kennedy his life, also by a mythic lone gunman, who turned out to play patsy, too. In fact, during that evening, while Chapman waited hours for Lennon’s return, Perdomo had spoken at length with him about the invasion and Cuban American politics. Strange topics for strangers, one waiting for a rock star.

Imagine Perdomo had reason to insist Mark was the man. Perdomo, aka Sanjenis, had worked side by side, ah yes, with convicted and now deceased Watergate burglar Frank Sturgis for about a decade on the CIA payroll. Sturgis misleadingly claimed Joaquin Sanjenis died of natural causes in 1974. He claimed it was the Company’s way of keeping Sanjenis’ anonymity. Perdomo may still be alive, plumbing in some near or far outpost. There’s always work for anonymous men who know how to do what needs to be done and vanish. Ole!

Imagine Perdomo was so invisible that he wasn’t identified by name for more than six years after Lennon’s murder. He was mistakenly referred to first as Jay Hastings, the bearded, burly desk clerk who worked in the lobby, and was on duty the night Lennon was killed. In fact, Lennon ran from the shooter, and collapsed before Hastings and Yoko. This information is mentioned in the book, The Love You Make: An Insider’s Story of the Beatles, written by one of the group’s management team, Peter Brown — along with Steven Gains.

“Sanjenis was an opportunistic little man who managed to punch a CIA meal ticket the rest of his life. Along with Frank Sturgis, he was a member of Operation 40 — the secret police of the Cuban invasion force. The ultrasecret Operation 40 included some nonpolitical, conservative exile businessmen, but its hard core was made up of informers, assassins-for-hire, and mob henchmen whose sworn goal was to make the

counterrevolution safe for the comfortable ways of the old Cuba. They were the elite troops of the old guard within the exile movement, who made effective alliance with CIA right-wingers.

Imagine the theory we’ve been told: that Lennon had walked past Chapman, who was to the right and then rear of him in the dark entryway. If Chapman had called out, “Mr. Lennon,” and John stopped and turned, it was possible though difficult for him to hit Lennon in the left shoulder, and then as Lennon turned to flee, to hit him in the upper left back. Yet Chapman told Judge Dennis Edwards at a sentencing hearing that he didn’t say anything to Lennon, just that he fired.

Imagine a second theory: Perdomo or another operative fired from the doorway leading to the service elevator, which was at the left of the walkway and in front of Lennon. There are two series of two shots. First, two shots hit the left shoulder. As Lennon runs towards the lobby stairway, two other shots hit his upper left back. Shooting from that doorway seems a more plausible way to make those hits. Since the autopsy was not made public, we don’t know if three of the five shots exited, grazed or missed Lennon to hit the glass lobby door.

Imagine crime scene witnesses varied in their accounts of whether or not Chapman called to Lennon. No convincing evidence was presented that Chapman had caused Lennon to turn. Also, this wasn’t a trial since Chapman had already confessed. It was simply a sentencing hearing. There was no official testimony or any witnesses. The case was declared closed on the night of the murder, and the police report is lacking in any substantive detail. Yet what it does say is that Chapman was carrying $2,201.76 in cash when arrested and declared himself unemployed? You wonder why eyes didn’t open at that, and a complete inquiry wasn’t made into the death of a figure like John Lennon. Could it possibly be a cover-up? Had assassinations liked this ever happened before?

Imagine and it is impossible to dispute the conclusion that Mark Chapman was absolutely nothing beyond just another classic patsy on autopilot.

How “The Catcher in the Rye” “motivated” Mark Chapman to shoot John Lennon :

Mark Chapman is the victim of an artificially induced MODEL PSYCHOSIS. (Look this term up in a medical dictionary). The characteristics of an artificial model psychosis are as follows : If an individual is continuously subjected for 5-7 days to intake (drugging) of amphetamine or the much stronger methamphetamine, a model psychosis will follow. This means that even if you stop the drugging, the artificially induced Psychosis will now continue to build up by itself. Sometimes even a one-time single dose of methamphetamine is enough. (sometimes)

Documents released under the Freedom of Information Act state and testify that various Federal Agencies of the U.S. government (such as the CIA, the Pentagon, etcetera) had a several decade-long covert research project to develop a technique or method by which an involuntary, unwitting innocent individual could be covertly manipulated to halucinate that he or she must carry out the assassination of a preselected target. The documents all state that this was to be accomplished via HYPNOSIS. Now, if I were to hypnotise you, would you assassinate someone ?

Of course not ! In fact, it should not take more than 5 seconds to figure out that while Hypnosis may be an interesting gimmick for inducing a state of relaxation and maybe even meditation, it absolutely doesn’t work to make someone carry out an assassination against his will. A Psychosis, however, DOES DO THE JOB ! Go ahead and check the police files of so-called amphetamine and methamphetamine induced homicides. This is basically the crime we are carefully trying to recreate here. Thus the word/term “Hypnosis” encountered by so many researchers in the numerous documents released from the CIA under the Freedom of Information Act may be nothing more than a cover — a CODEWORD — for an artificially induced Model “PSYCHOSIS” !

In order to understand how to induce someone suffering from the advanced stages of such an artificially induced model psychosis to commit an act of assassination against his will and better insticts, let us first examine a number of previous, politically motivated assassinations :

Let us start with Jack Ruby who shot Lee Harvey Oswald. After the assassination, when he was visited by members of the Warren Comission, Ruby was completely PSYCHOTIC. Even close friends have testified to this. He kept talking about the Jews, the Holocaust and the new government secretly taking over the United States. The Warren Comission found him not credible. Ruby also admitted that before the assassination he had taken more than 30 (thirty) amphetamines and diet pills (Dexedrine). “They stimulate you !” He later testified. That’s right, they induce an artificial model psychosis and its not clear who had advised Ruby to take these. Before the Warren Comission, Jack Ruby testified about a conversation he had on the night before he shot Oswald with Dallas Police Officer Ltn Olson who told him that “Oswald should be cut inch by inch into ribbons!” and praised Ruby as “The greatest guy in the world !”

Ruby’s lawyer (Tonahill) believes that prior to the shooting, Ruby had numerous conversations like these about which he refused to testify as these might be construed as premeditation which could have made Jack Ruby a candidate for the death penalty. Can we read between the lines here and decipher the covert methologies involved ? First Ruby’s model psychosis is induced under the disguise of dieting pills which are amphetamines. Once the psychosis has taken a noticable effect he is literally being psyched up by various members of the Dallas Police, government, etcetera, who suggest to him that Oswald shoud be shot. At this stage, because of the Psychosis, Ruby was unable to see through the trick and the covert manipulation he was being subjected to. To sum up, in 1963 Ruby’s model psychosis was induced via an overintoxication of amphetamines and “diet pills”. The assassination of Lee Harvey Oswald was then induced by psyching him up via the innocuous “conversations” he later reported to the Warren Comission.

Let us now go five years into the future and analyse the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy (John F. Kennedy’s brother) As the autopsy of Robert F. Kennedy PROVES BEYOND ANY REASONABLE DOUBT Sirhan Sirhan may have injured a few people, but he did not kill Robert F. Kennedy ! Sirhan was standing in front of Robert F. Kennedy at a distance of one or two yards. He held his gun at a straight angle. Robert F. Kennedy, however, was killed by a gun which due to the burn marks it left on the back of his clothing could not have been more than 2 inches from his body. The shots which really killed RFK entered his body FROM BEHIND and ended up stuck in the ceiling tiles, above RFK. (See the book on the Robert F. Kennedy assassination by Philip Melanson, for example –check local bookstores).

Prior to shooting at RFK Sirhan had been interested in mental improvement techniques and in this quest had joined the local chapter of the ROSECRUCIANS. These “Rosecrucians” were in all likelyhood infiltrated by the CIA and other sordid members of the government. I want to emphasize that I am not proposing that all Rosecrucians are secret undercover CIA agents but only that the particular chapter which the gullible Sirhan Sirhan had joined in 1967 or 1968 had been infiltrated. What did Sirhan Sirhan “learn” from the Rosecrucians ? He was advised to WRITE HIS THOUGHTS DOWN. An article Sirhan was given to read was even read into his trial record. It was aptly called “PUT IT IN WRITING !” Sirhan was then advised to sit in front of his mirror, where he had experimented with performing magic rituals, and write his thoughts down. And what “thoughts” did he write into his famous notebook : “RFK MUST BE ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ! (etcetera)

So what is going on here ? Its safe to conclude that Sirhan was already suffering from the advanced stages of a covertly induced Model Psychosis so that he no longer realized the significance of what he was writing down. Its also safe to conclude that Sirhan’s “thoughts” were of course not really his own. After the assassination, Sirhan told Robert B. Kaiser — who spent over 200 hours interviewing Sirhan in his jail cell and wrote a book about it (out of print) that he believed his mind had been influenced by “Thought Waves”. Kaiser at first laughed but Sirhan was serious.

Now let’s be reasonable here. What Sirhan and Kaiser naively refer to as “Thought Waves” are of course nothing more than highly sophisticated SUBLIMINAL messages, most likely operating on the Ultrasound and Infrasound audio spectrum. To sum up, the technique used to induce Sirhan Sirhan to hallucinate that he must assassinate RFK was : a) Manipulate the gullible Sirhan to perform the cultish rituals of the Rosecrucians and other “occult” practices”, which involved sitting in front of his mirror and repeteatively writing down whatever comes to his mind. b) Covertly induce an artificial model psychosis c) Once suffering from the advanced stages of this model psychosis, trick Sirhan Sirhan into PSYCHING HIMSELF UP by subjecting him to highly sophisticated subliminal techniques suggesting that “RFK MUST BE ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED”.

The trick is to combine the growing psychosis with the act of writing these messages down repeatively, which is accomplished via the cultish rituals. Once the artificial model psychosis has progressed beyond a certain point, the individual will no longer understand the significance of what he is writing down. You don’t believe the government uses subliminal techniques ? Go IMMEDIATELY to :”

(CLICK ON THE GOLDEN SHIP, THEN CLICK ON “IN THE NEWS”) and read all about Dr. Lowery’s subliminal techniques which the U.S. government used in the Gulf War against Iraq (Operation Desert Storm) to induce the enemy to give himself up, or check out U.S. patent 5,159,703 (SILENT SUBLIMINAL PRESENTATION SYSTEM) by the same company — which the military used in Iraq. The precise schematics thereof are still CLASSIFIED — just ask the company’s president (address listed on the patent). They’ve now been BACKENGINNERED and are online. Go to : Scroll down to where it says : BUILD YOUR OWN silent sound device. Click on “BUILD YOUR OWN” All the backengineered info is there for you.

Of course there are numerous other subliminal techniques. Several of these were developed by Dr. Smirnov from the Russian Sechenev Medical Institute for Psycho-Correction. In March of 1993, during the standoff in Waco, Texas with David Koresh, several lawenforcement personnel including members of the FBI and the CIA secretly hosted Dr. Smirnov in Washington D.C. for a demonstration of his technique.

As you may know the human ear consists of the so-called “outer” ear, the “middle” ear and the “inner” ear. The inner ear is the only one filled with fluid. The average human outer ear has a hearing capacity of approximately 15Hz – 15-16KHz. The “inner” human ear has a hearing capacity of up to 50 K Hz.

(Look it up in a medical dictionary). By comparision, the standard electronic audio equipment such as the ordinary radio, TV or taperecorder and player has a broadcasting (playing) capacity of up to 20 KHz.

Smirnov’s device calculates the spoken word/audio sound so that it bypasses the “outer” human ear and is only picked up by the “inner” human ear. The effect is that the brain of the exposed individual will interpret the “message” as having originated from the inside of his brain. This is accomplished via a simple electronic circuit which “splits” the audio up into two frequencies. Mostly that’s 10 Mhz & 15 Mhz (There are also other frequencies) The device works best if the targeted individual is suffering from a psychosis so that he or she will “hear” voices which are auditory hallucinations and OBEY THEM ! The above described device can then be tuned so that it imitates these voices so that the targeted individual will obey your own comands instead of the hallucinatory ones. This is one of the techniques the government has developed under its numerous classified MIND CONTROL research projects. The backengineered Silent Sound device also has a Tinnitus-like effect.

Schematics & circuits at :
Scroll down and click on “BUILD YOUR OWN”

The FBI wanted to try this technique with David Koresh who it was hoped would be megalomanical enough to believe GOD was speaking to him and instructing him to give himself up. The plan was abandoned for fear it might not work and trigger greater violence instead. The highly classified reason for the concern that this particular technique might not work in David Koresh’s case is that while David Koresh was certainly megalomanical he was not psychotic to the degree where he would have suffered auditory hallucinations which is the state of mind necessary for this particular method to work best. This was discussed at the intelligence meeting where Smirnov demonstrated his device to the Americans, shortly before the standoff at Waco turned into a tragedy.

Mark Chapman, on the other hand, was “hearing voices”. He complained to his doctors about “the little people in his head” and was subsequently diagnosed as suffering from a Psychosis. The real secret, however, is that Mark Chapman’s psychosis had been ARTIFICIALLY INDUCED — in other words, Chapman was suffering from a so-called “MODEL PSYCHOSIS” which can NOT be distinguished from a genuine “internal” psychosis.

Another classified subliminal technique involves trasmission of subliminal messages via microwaves. This is accomplished by connecting an electret microphone (or an ear jack– for remote operation, use a remote-control radio microphone) to an audio preamplifier which amplifies the relatively weak signal of the electret microphone. This amplified signal is then sent through a signal amplifier which makes the signal even stronger. (It is possible that subliminal output quality may be improved by repeating the two aforementioned steps several times, but I haven’t tried this out.)

This even stronger signal is then placed within a pulse width modulating network which mixes the audio with the digital. The output signal then goes to a microwave transmitter and is broadcasted via a parabolic antenna. Parabolic antennas are directional so that the signal carrying the spoken word via the subliminal Rf and/or microwaves can be directly beamed at a target. Such a subliminal device can be operated in both the Rf as well as in the microwave frequencies. Another way is to hook up a Neurophone to a police-type audio doppler radar transmitter, transmitting in the K-band police radar frequencies. (Try 23-24 Ghz) For more info on the Neurophone & circuits thereof, go to : Http:// Click on CIRCUITS at the bottom of that page

There are of course numerous other subliminal techniques. In order to obtain a more detailed technical understanding of these its often very helpful to check out the various “HEARING AID”-patents for the deaf as the military and classified “black” research community has done the same to turn these into subliminal buck rogers devices and weapons. Another way to obtain more detailed technical information is to discretly interview the same scientists and electronical engineers who have done this research for the Intelligence Agencies.

You will come across their names if you search the homepage of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and use the Bolean search system supplied there to search the cover pages of the patents of interest. Due to the end of the Cold War, numerous Eastern technicians who have conducted similar research for Eastern European governments during the Cold War are now also flooding into the U.S. and Western Europe. Its often extremely helpful to talk to them. (Beware of ex-KGB agents who are cooperating with the U.S. government, telling you B.S. and for being allowed to stay in the United States).


It has been fairly well documented that Chapman was psychotic when she shot Lennon. Before the assassination, in the advanced stages of his model psychosis, Chapman sat in his room in Hawai and kept chanting over and over and over :




This is remakably similar to Sirhan Sirhan, writing into his notebook that “RFK MUST BE ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED ASSASSINATED” (isn’t it !)

And in Sirhan Sirhan’s case the autopsy of RFK clearly proves that he did NOT kill Robert F. Kennedy !

What we can now deduct here is that the government has secretly continued to develop this highly classified technique to eliminate all human contact between the assassin and his “inducer”. Thus Chapman first became the victim of the artificial model psychosis, then received highly sophisticated subliminal instructions to CHANT “JOHN LENNON MUST DIE SAYS THE CATCHER IN THE RYE” so that he psyched himself up.

This is the important distinction here : I am not proposing that subliminal technologies exist which can make someone assassinate a preselected target even if the person it is suggested to is suffering from the advanced stages of an artificially induced model psychosis. Rather, what I am saying here is that the subliminal messages are used to trick the Manchurian-Candidate-in-the- Making” to psych himself up. And once in the grips of a model psychosis, he will not be able to grasp the significance of the messages he is chanting or writing.

And who do you think is the real “Catcher in the Rye” ? Let’s not kid ourselves : THE CATCHER IN THE RYE IS THE FBI !!!!!

It was the FBI of course who because of the contrast between his personal wealth and his involvement in social and socialist causes had long considered John Lennon to be a phony. The FBI harassment of Lennon is a long one and has been fairly well documented by UCLA history professor Jon Wiener.

Why would the government want to assassinate John Lennon. Remember this was the time of the Cold War. Ronald Reagan had just been elected for the promise to “make America strong again”. This entailed building up the military, heating up the arms race and engage in numerous insurgencies in Third World countries. The government didn’t need a John Lennon capable of motivating millions of people to march in “Give Peace A Chance” demonstrations. They were afraid of the political impact he would have.


Newly released documents prove that during the last days of WWII, the British government considered several plots to assassinate Adolf Hitler. One of the plots considered was to hypnotize Rudolf Hess to shoot Hitler. As we have meticulously discussed, hypnosis is useless for this purpose. Hypnosis is a cover and a codeword for a PSYCHOSIS, that is, an artificially induced MODEL PSYCHOSIS, and a clever array of carefully worked-out techniques

which together do work. The point I am trying to make is that if the British government experimented with these techniques back in the early 1940’s, they surely must be aware that Mark Chapman is the victim of an artificially induced model psychosis. CONCLUSION: CERTAIN PARTS OF THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT ARE COOPERATING IN THE ASSASSINATION OF THEIR OWN CITIZEN, EX-BEATLE JOHN LENNON !


Do not confuse a psychopath (like Ted Bundy, for example) who has no conscience about the crimes he commits with someone who committs a crime because he is suffering from a psychosis so that he is hallucinating and can thus no longer distinguish between right and wrong. A psychopath, on the other hand, knows the difference between right and wrong. He is not hallucinating and understands that his actions constitute a crime. He simply doesn’t have a conscience.

Chapman committed the crime as a result of a psychosis which had progessed to the point where he was hallucinating and not in touch with reality anymore. The question NEVER EVER addressed by the mainstream investigative newsmedia is whether Chapman’s psychosis was the result of a genuine “internal” mental imbalance or an artificially induced model psychosis which is the result of “external” manipulation. Unfortunately, even a highly trained, experienced psychiatrist will not be able to distinguish an artificially induced “external” model psychosis from a genuine “internal” psychosis which develops due to mental illness.

With regards to the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy (John F. Kennedy’s brother) : The autopsy of RFK’s body clearly proves beyond any reasonable doubt that RFK was shot from behind by a gun which due to the burn marks it left on his clothing could not have been more than a few inches from his body. Sirhan Sirhan, on the other hand stood in front of RFK and NEVER EVER got closer than one or two yards. In other words, whoever killed RFK, it sure wasn’t Sirhan Sirhan. The autopsy was performed by Dr.Thomas Noguchi (I’m recalling his name from memory and may be spelling it wrong).

Sirhan also held his arm (with the gun) at a straight angle while RFK’s autopsy proves his killer shot upwards so that the bullets which really killed RFK ended up stuck in the ceiling tiles which the LAPD promptly removed (and subsequently conveniently trashed).

It is easy to verify (by discussing this technique with knowleable psychiatrists, for example) that an individual suffering from the advanced stages of an artificially induced model psychosis can easily be manipulated to commit acts of violence he or she would not normally commit.

Another item of interest that should be highlighted here is that moments before Chapman assassinated John Lennon, the Dakota’s nightwatchman, Jose Perdomo, a Cuban exile, was discussing the assassination of John F. Kennedy with Mark Chapman. (See article(s) in the weekly People Magazine by James R. Gaines, sometime in the 1980’s) Mark Chapman later said, “That assassination has always meant a great deal to me !” Can we begin to understand the covert methodologies involved here ? Remember that Jack Ruby was being psyched up by Dallas police officer Olson, that “Lee Harvey Oswald should be cut inch by inch into ribbons”, before he shot him.

Ever since Watergate, it is no longer a national secret that many Cuban exiles are closely associated with the Central Intelligence Agency. Such “harmless” conversations have a considerably more profound impact on someone suffering from the advanced stages of an artificially induced model psychosis — as Chapman certainly was — and an even greater impact if the suffering individual has been cleverly tricked into psyching himself up that “THE CATCHER IN THE RYE (i.e., the FBI) SAYS JOHN LENNON MUST DIE ! Jose Perdomo’s intelligence associations should be immediately investigated !!!

Why “The Catcher In The Rye”-title ???

The literary story and content of J.D. Salinger’s book “The Catcher in the Rye” has absolutely no connection to the asassination of John Lennon. Mark Chapman did NOT read the book and decide to assassinate John Lennon simply because of J.D. Salinger’s story. In order to brainwash an innocent, unwitting individual via an artificially induced model psychosis to hallucinate that he must carry out the asassination of a preselected target it is necessary to trick the “Manchurian-Candidate-In-the-Making” to psych himself up. For this purpose it is very helpful to subliminally induce the subject to repeatedly chant or write down a rhym connected with the subliminal assassination message (i.e. RFK must be assasinated assassinated assassinated assassinated — as in the Sirhan Sirhan case) THE CATCHER IN THE RYE SAYS JOHN LENNON (or “the phony) MUST DIE obviously serves this purpose perfectly.

In addition, it is quite plausible that the term “Catcher In The Rye” denotes a secret clique of Intelligence officials (FBI, CIA, etcetera) who for obvious reasons can’t bragg openly about how they pulled off the assassination of John Lennon. The Central Intelligence Agency’s own recruitment brochure compares the CIA headquarters to a university setting. And we all know what happens at any regular university where large numbers of people come together : They soon form cliques. This is even more true in the world of intelligence and covert operations. If you are interested in their mindcontrol technologies a great place to start a technological search can be found at :”

Check out U.S. patent #4,858,612, titled “HEARING DEVICE”, issued to Philip Stocklin. (SECOND FROM TOP) Its a device which uses microwaves to transmit audio into human heads

Also, you can check out :” for the description of an experiment Alan Frey conducted in the 1960’s which transmitted audio into human heads via microwaves.

Other interesting sites are :”


Internet web sites featuring research on the microwave audio effect, which can be used to imitate the “voices” an individual may hear and obey in the advanced stages of an artificially induced model psychosis (See FBI = ‘Catcher In The Rye’ BELOW) so that the target obeys the microwave-based subliminal commands rather than his own auditory hallucinations :

And for the precise circuits, diagrams and schematics of the Neurophone, go to :

Http:// Click on NURO CIRCUITS at the bottom of this page)

To build a device which broadcasts audio into the human head via microwaves, connect a police type doppler radar transmitter to the Experimenter’s Neurophone listed on Terry Bastian Neurophone homepage see above), then test all frequencies by hooking it all up to a Sweep Oscillator (be sure to check out the 20-30 GHZ range, but don’t leave it at that. TEST ALL FREQUENCIES with a SWEEP OSCILLATOR !!!)

Description: have read John Marks book, The Search For The Manchurian Candidate, and I can recommend it. As you may know, its a rather conservative book which asserts that this mind control stuff was carried out but didn’t work. The fact is, you are correct in asserting that HYPNOSIS does NOT work.

All I’m saying is that in those documents (the ones released to John Marks under the Freedom of Information Act, among others), the word HYPNOSIS is a thin cover (a very thin cover, if you know what you’re doing) for an artificially induced model PSYCHOSIS, which, as any knowledgeable psychiatrist should be able to confirm does do the job. And Chapman was indeed suffering from a psychosis when he shot John Lennon. The real trick is to trick the “Manchurian-Candidate-In-The-Making” to psych himself up once the artificially induced model psachosis has progressed within the individual to a certain stage (i.e., once he doesn’t realize the significance of his actions any longer due to one of the most classical symptoms of a psychosis — both of genuine, internal ones as well as of artificially induced model psychoses, — which is that the subject will lose ALL contact with reality).

In Sirhan Sirhan’s case this was accomplished by manipulating him into practicing the rituals of the Rosecrucians. These were to sit in front of his mirror and write his thoughts down into his notebook. Once this initially harmless exercise became a habbit for Sirhan, his model psychosis was clandestinely induced. There are in fact two ways in which this can be accomplished. The easiest is via Methamphetamine overintoxication — and it only takes five to seven days of continuing drugging to accomplish that. If the dose is low enough, the subject will not realize that his sudden increase in stress & anxiety is due to external manipulations, (See the chapter on experiments with Nazi concentration camp inmates with Mescaline in John Marks aforementioned book). A more “modern” way to induce a psychosis is to subject the subject to microwaves in the 2.7 GHZ – 15 GHZ range. One such a device, which I am currently in the process of putting together utilizes a so-called audio-band pink noise generator which generates a low-frequency white noise signal. This low-frequency white noise signal is modulated on a high-frequency generator, sent over a Haan high-frequency gunn diode (MA41500 gunn diode does the job) and exits via an antenna Feedhorn Assy. The entire device is no bigger than a small cigar box and can easily be hidden under the target’s bed so that it SILENTLY disrupts his sleep. Microwave induced stress is cumulative and it may take several weeks to induce the psychosis where the individual is at the stage that he can no longer resist the subliminal and psychological trickery which is then necessary to induce him to commit the assassination.

Back to Sirhan : Once he had reached the “desired” stage of the psychosis, the “thoughts” which came to his mind while sitting in front of his mirror are clearly reflected in what — by continuing to carry out the practices of the Rosecrucians — he wrote into his notebook, i.e., that “R.F.K. must be assassinated, assassinated, assassinated, asassinated… etcetera.

All I’m saying here is that due to the other evidence of the crime scene, i.e., the fact that Robert F. Kennedy was shot from behind while Sirhan stood in front of him (as the autopsy proves) I believe that these “thoughts” were not Sirhan’s own but rather subliminally induced. (ultrasound, infrasound, etcetera : If, as John Marks believes, the “MK” in “MK-ULTRA” stands for “Mind Kontrol”, does the ULTRA stand for ULTRASOUND ??? — Some food for thought !)

Just like any other technologies, the technique was clandestinely improved upon. While in Sirhan Sirhan’s case some human contact was necessary between his manipulators and the subject to trick him into practicing the Rosecrucian rituals, in Chapman’s case no such give-away contact was necessary anymore as the same trick was accomplished by manipulating Chapman to sit in his room and while in a psychotic state of mind prepeatedly chant “THE CATCHER IN THE RYE SAYS JOHN LENNON MUST DIE !” (In other words, Chapman may have received repeated subliminal messages to chant this).

Just like writing the assassination message into his notebook, chanting it repeatedly also tricks a subject suffering from the advanced stages of an artificially induced model psychosis into psyching himself up. => This then eventually results in the assassination !

We should also keep in mind here that such subliminal devices need not be bigger than a small ghetto-blaster, stereo-walkman or pocket radio to which an individual in an advanced psychotic state of mind will exhibit a much greater reaction than a person in a “normal” state of mind. These devices can be clandestinely hidden in the objects of his or her surroundings (i.e., the walls, under the bed, etcetera — this is classical spy-stuff)

So, now that I have spilled the beans for all you curious internet browsers, aren’t you curious how I figured it all out ???

Here is a list of articles, books and sources on John Lennon’s assassination:

“DESCENT INTO MADNESS, The Life and Crime of Mark David Chapman” article by James R. Gaines in the weekly People Magazine, June 22nd, 1981

Article on Mark Chapman & Lennon shooting in People magazine, by James R. Gaines, February 1987 (Part I of a three-part series)

“In The Shadows A Killer Waited”, article by James R. Gaines in the weekly People Magazine, March 2, 1987, Part II of a three part series with additional reporting by Gay Daly

“The Killer Takes His Fall”, subtitle : “With A ‘Command From God’, The Lennon Murder Case Is Closed”, article in People Magazine by James R. Gaines with additional reporting by Gay Daly, Part III of a three part series, March 9, 1987

Articles on FBI’s plan to make David Koresh believe he was hearing “the voice of God”, as “played” by actor Charles Heston :

“Soon, Phasers On Stun”, article by John Barry and Tom Morgenthau in Newsweek Magazine, Volume CXXIII, No., 06, February 7, 1994, pages 26-28.

as well as :

article in the Village Voice by Michael Drosnin, March 8, 1994, volume 39, page 18.

“So why, after all this, did I plead guilty and destroy my chance for a trial, maybe for an acquittal on grounds of insanity ? […] It happened one day as I was sitting in my cell listening to rock music on the radio. God changed something in my heart and He spoke to my heart so that I could hear Him through all the sickness that was in my mind at that time. HE TOLD ME TWICE TO PLEAD GUILTY, AND FOR SOME REASON I DIDN’T QUESTION THAT. I was out of my mind and I wanted to go to that trial worse than anything in the world. That was my mission, to promote The Catcher In The Rye. So why would I plead guilty and just walk away from the best  chance I would ever have to promote the book that had become my life […] ? […] I pled guilty because I recognized God’s voice through all that — through all the insanity and through a mind that was totally obsessed and centered on the promotion of this book. […] it did not come to me on my own. […] it was God that took away that desire to go to trial and fulfill my mission. My lawyer didn’t want me to plead guilty. The psychiatrists didn’t want me to plead guilty, and they tried to stop me from doing it. […] At the sentencing, I was no longer with the Lord. I wasn’t listening anymore. I carried The Catcher In The Rye in there and I FELT TERRIBLE THAT I HAD BLOWN THE TRIAL. So I read from The Catcher In The Rye instead of the bible. [END OF QUOTE]

The voice of God ? Piped through the radio, instead of through the telephone as the FBI had intended with David Koresh at the standoff in Waco, Texas ? Excuse me, but we know better, don’t we, Mr. FBI deputy director of technical services Steven Killion, Dr. Igor Smirnov, Non-Lethal Weapons Expert Janet Morris, Ex-CIA officer Ray Cline and Attorney General Janet Reno (who all contemplated using such a device against David Koresh) ?!!!!


Sincerely, The Catcher of “The Catcher In The Rye”

Read the book called “Who Shot John Lennon?”, can’t remember the author’s name, but a good bookshop will look it up.

The author asks a single question I’ve never heard anyone in the world ask, and it puts the whole case against the FBI to bed! He asked:-“When & where was Mark Chapman’s trial?” “Maybe I wasn’t paying attention for a couple of days, & it was pushed through real quick!” Look at the media circus that took place over O.J. Simpson’s trial! Don’t you think it would have been even bigger over John Lennon? Finally, even if you are caught red-handed, there must be a trial before imprisonment. Did they just want him out of the way as quickly as possible in case he said something he shouldn’t have?

ANSWER : Mark Chapman was sitting in his prison cell, listening to the radio. Suddenly he “heard” the “voice of God”, instructing him to plead guilty. He pled guilty and received a 20-years-to-life sentence. (Read all about this in the three part article series by James R. Gaines in People Weekly, February and March 1987 February) Look it up in the index at any public library.

Remember when, at the standoff, in Waco, Texas, the FBI wanted to use actor Charlton Heston to transmit “the voice of God” through the telephone, instructing Koresh to give himself up ? (See Newsweek Magazine article, “Soon Phasers On Stun”,pages 26-28, February 7, 1994, by John Barry and Tom Morgenthau) So with Chapman, they did it through the radio. THE FBI IS THE CATCHER IN THE RYE ! THE FBI ASSASSINATED JOHN LENNON

Still not convinced ? Go back an read the Newsweek and Time magazine articles on the assassination of Mexican Presidential Candidate Colosio in April 1994. At first glance a lone gunman shoots Colosio. But what did the Mexican tabloit TV stations discover when they continued to replay the tape of the assassination ? Before Aburto (the assassin) shot Colosio, a security guard was clearing the way for him. Aburto stated that he was never planning to assassinate Colosio. He went to where Colosio was speaking, and suddenly a little voice from deep inside “came over him” which instructed him to shoot Colosio’s feet. (See Washington Post, May 1, 1994) Shortly after the assassination, the chief of police, who had developed leads on other suspects was shot and killed by unidentified gunmen. The official conclusion of the Mexican government is that Colosio was assassinated as a result of a powerful conspiracy they’ve been unable to crack and bring to justice.