G-2 homepage: http://www.dami.army.pentagon.mil/
C. Covert Testing on Human Subjects by
Military Intelligence Groups – LSD:
The two projects involving the operational use of LSD
(THIRD CHANCE and DERBY HAT)
were apparently approved by the Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence
(General Willems) on December 7, 1960.
This verbal approval came in the course of a briefing on previous drug programs
and on the planned field experimentation.
There is no record of written approval being issued by the ACSI
to authorize these specific projects until January 1961,
and there is no record of any specific knowledge or approval
by the Secretary of the Army.
On February 4, 1963, Major General C. F. Leonard, Army ACSI,
forwarded a copy of the
THIRD CHANCE Trip Report to Army Chief of Staff, General Early Wheeler.
Wheeler had apparently requested a copy on February 2.
The report was routed through a General Hamlett.
While this report included background on the origins of the LSD tests,
it appears that General Wheeler may
only have read the conclusion and recommendations.
The office memorandum accompanying the Trip Report bears Wheeler’s initials.
5. Termination of Testing
On April 10, 1963, a briefing was held in the ACSI’s office
on the results of Projects THIRD CHANCE
and DERBY HAT. Both SPT’s concluded that more field testing
was required before LSD could be utilized
as an integral aid to counterintelligence interrogations.
During the presentation of the DERBY HAT results,
General Leonard (Deputy ACSI) directed
that no further field testing be undertaken.
After this meeting the ACSI sent a letter to the Commanding General
of the Army Combat Developments
Command (CDC) requesting that he review THIRD CHANCE
and DERBY HAT and “make a net evaluation
concerning the adoption of EA 1729 for future use as an effective
and profitable aid in counterintelligence
interrogations.” On the same day the ACSI requested
that the CDC Commander revise regulation
FM 30-17 to read in part:
. . . in no instance will drugs be used as an aid to interrogations
in counterintelligence or security
operations without prior permission of the Department of the Army.
Requests to use drugs as an
investigative aid will be forwarded through intelligence channels
to the OACSI, DA, for approval. . . .’
Medical research has established that information obtained
through the use of these drugs
is unreliable and invalid. . . .
It is considered that DA [Army] approval
must be a prerequisite for use of such drugs
because of the moral, legal, medical and political problems
inherent in their use
for intelligence purposes.
The subsequent adoption of this regulation marked the effective
termination of field testing of LSD by the Army.
The official termination date of these testing programs is rather unclear,
but a later ACSI memo indicates that it may have occurred in September of 1963.
On the 19th of that month a meeting was held
between Dr. Van Sims (Edgewood Arsenal),
Major Clovis (Chemical Research Laboratory), and ACSI representatives
(General Deholm and Colonel Schmidt).
“As a result of this conference a determination
was made to suspend the program and any further activity
pending a more profitable and suitable use.”